The Wives of the Dead
by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The following story, the simple and domestic
incidents of which may be deemed scarcely worth relating, after such a lapse of
time, awakened some degree of interest, a hundred years ago, in a principal
seaport of the Bay Province. The rainy twilight of an autumn day;—a parlor on
the second floor of a small house, plainly furnished, as beseemed the middling
circumstances of its inhabitants, yet decorated with little curiosities from
beyond the sea, and a few delicate specimens of Indian manufacture,—these are
the only particulars to be premised in regard to scene and season. Two young and
comely women sat together by the fireside, nursing their mutual and peculiar
sorrows. They were the recent brides of two brothers, a sailor and a landsman,
and two successive days had brought tidings of the death of each, by the chances
of Canadian warfare, and the tempestuous Atlantic. The universal sympathy
excited by this bereavement drew numerous condoling guests to the habitation of
the widowed sisters. Several, among whom was the minister, had remained till the
verge of evening, when, one by one, whispering many comfortable passages of
Scripture that were answered by more abundant tears, they took their leave and
departed to their own happier homes. The mourners, though not insensible to the
kindness of their friends, had yearned to be left alone. United, as they had
been, by the relationship of the living, and now more closely so by that of the
dead, each felt as if whatever consolation her grief admitted were to be found
in the bosom of the other. They joined their hearts, and wept together silently.
But after an hour of such indulgence, one of the sisters, all of whose emotions
were influenced by her mild, quiet, yet not feeble character, began to recollect
the precepts of resignation and endurance which piety had taught her, when she
did not think to need them. Her misfortune, besides, as earliest known, should
earliest cease to interfere with her regular course of duties; accordingly,
having placed the table before the fire, and arranged a frugal meal, she took
the hand of her companion.
"Come, dearest sister; you have eaten not
a morsel to-day," she said. "Arise, I pray you, and let us ask a
blessing on that which is provided for us."
Her sister-in-law was of a lively and irritable
temperament, and the first pangs of her sorrow had been expressed by shrieks and
passionate lamentation. She now shrunk from Mary's words, like a wounded
sufferer from a hand that revives the throb.
"There is no blessing left for me, neither
will I ask it," cried Margaret, with a fresh burst of tears. "Would it
were His will that I might never taste food more."
Yet she trembled at these rebellious
expressions, almost as soon as they were uttered, and, by degrees, Mary
succeeded in bringing her sister's mind nearer to the situation of her own. Time
went on, and their usual hour of repose arrived. The brothers and their brides,
entering the married state with no more than the slender means which then
sanctioned such a step, had confederated themselves in one household, with equal
rights to the parlor, and claiming exclusive privileges in two sleeping rooms
contiguous to it. Thither the widowed ones retired, after heaping ashes upon the
dying embers of their fire, and placing a lighted lamp upon the hearth. The
doors of both chambers were left open, so that a part of the interior of each,
and the beds with their unclosed curtains, were reciprocally visible. Sleep did
not steal upon the sisters at one and the same time. Mary experienced the effect
often consequent upon grief quietly borne, and soon sunk into temporary
forgetfulness, while Margaret became more disturbed and feverish, in proportion
as the night advanced with its deepest and stillest hours. She lay listening to
the drops of rain that came down in monotonous succession, unswayed by a breath
of wind; and a nervous impulse continually caused her to lift her head from the
pillow, and gaze into Mary's chamber and the intermediate apartment. The cold
light of the lamp threw the shadows of the furniture up against the wall,
stamping them immovably there, except when they were shaken by a sudden flicker
of the flame. Two vacant arm-chairs were in their old positions on opposite
sides of the hearth, where the brothers had been wont to sit in young and
laughing dignity, as heads of families; two humbler seats were near them, the
true thrones of that little empire, where Mary and herself had exercised in love
a power that love had won. The cheerful radiance of the fire had shone upon the
happy circle, and the dead glimmer of the lamp might have befitted their reunion
now. While Margaret groaned in bitterness, she heard a knock at the street-door.
"How would my heart have leapt at that
sound but yesterday!" thought she, remembering the anxiety with which she
had long awaited tidings from her husband. "I care not for it now; let them
begone, for I will not arise."
But even while a sort of childish fretfulness
made her thus resolve, she was breathing hurriedly, and straining her ears to
catch a repetition of the summons. It is difficult to be convinced of the death
of one whom we have deemed another self. The knocking was now renewed in slow
and regular strokes, apparently given with the soft end of a doubled fist, and
was accompanied by words, faintly heard through several thicknesses of wall.
Margaret looked to her sister's chamber, and beheld her still lying in the
depths of sleep. She arose, placed her foot upon the floor, and slightly arrayed
herself, trembling between fear and eagerness as she did so.
"Heaven help me!" sighed she. "I
have nothing left to fear, and methinks I am ten times more a coward than ever."
Seizing the lamp from the hearth, she hastened
to the window that overlooked the street-door. It was a lattice, turning upon
hinges; and having thrown it back, she stretched her head a little way into the
moist atmosphere. A lantern was reddening the front of the house, and melting
its light in the neighboring puddles, while a deluge of darkness overwhelmed
every other object. As the window grated on its hinges, a man in a broad brimmed
hat and blanket-coat, stepped from under the shelter of the projecting story,
and looked upward to discover whom his application had aroused. Margaret knew
him as a friendly innkeeper of the town.
"What would you have, Goodman Parker?"
cried the widow.
"Lack-a-day, is it you, Mistress Margaret?"
replied the innkeeper. "I was afraid it might be your sister Mary; for I
hate to see a young woman in trouble, when I haven't a word of comfort to
"For Heaven's sake, what news do you bring?"
"Why, there has been an express through
the town within this half hour," said Goodman Parker, "travelling from
the eastern jurisdiction with letters from the governor and council. He tarried
at my house to refresh himself with a drop and a morsel, and I asked him what
tidings on the frontiers. He tells me we had the better in the skirmish you wot
of, and that thirteen men reported slain are well and sound, and your husband
among them. Besides, he is appointed of the escort to bring the captivated
Frenchers and Indians home to the province jail. I judged you wouldn't mind
being broke of your rest, and so I stepped over to tell you. Good night."
So saying, the honest man departed; and his
lantern gleamed along the street, bringing to view indistinct shapes of things,
and the fragments of a world, like order glimmering through chaos, or memory
roaming over the past. But Margaret stayed not to watch these picturesque
effects. Joy flashed into her heart, and lighted it up at once, and breathless,
and with winged steps, she flew to the bedside of her sister. She paused,
however, at the door of the chamber, while a thought of pain broke in upon her.
"Poor Mary!" said she to herself.
"Shall I waken her, to feel her sorrow sharpened by my happiness? No; I
will keep it within my own bosom till the morrow."
She approached the bed to discover if Mary's
sleep were peaceful. Her face was turned partly inward to the pillow, and had
been hidden there to weep; but a look of motionless contentment was now visible
upon it, as if her heart, like a deep lake, had grown calm because its dead had
sunk down so far within. Happy is it, and strange, that the lighter sorrows are
those from which dreams are chiefly fabricated. Margaret shrunk from disturbing
her sister-in-law, and felt as if her own better fortune had rendered her
involuntarily unfaithful, and as if altered and diminished affection must be the
consequence of the disclosure she had to make. With a sudden step she turned
away. But joy could not long be repressed, even by circumstances that would have
excited heavy grief at another moment. Her mind was thronged with delightful
thoughts, till sleep stole on and transformed them to visions, more delightful
and more wild, like the breath of winter (but what a cold comparison!) working
fantastic tracery upon a window.
When the night was far advanced, Mary awoke
with a sudden start. A vivid dream had latterly involved her in its unreal life,
of which, however, she could only remember that it had been broken in upon at
the most interesting point. For a little time, slumber hung about her like a
morning mist, hindering her from perceiving the distinct outline of her
situation. She listened with imperfect consciousness to two or three volleys of
a rapid and eager knocking; and first she deemed the noise a matter of course,
like the breath she drew; next, it appeared a thing in which she had no concern;
and lastly, she became aware that it was a summons necessary to be obeyed. At
the same moment, the pang of recollection darted into her mind; the pall of
sleep was thrown back from the face of grief; the dim light of the chamber, and
the objects therein revealed, had retained all her suspended ideas, and restored
them as soon as she unclosed her eyes. Again, there was a quick peal upon the
street-door. Fearing that her sister would also be disturbed, Mary wrapped
herself in a cloak and hood, took the lamp from the hearth, and hastened to the
window. By some accident, it had been left unhasped, and yielded easily to her
"Who's there?" asked Mary, trembling
as she looked forth.
The storm was over, and the moon was up; it
shone upon broken clouds above, and below upon houses black with moisture, and
upon little lakes of the fallen rain, curling into silver beneath the quick
enchantment of a breeze. A young man in a sailor's dress, wet as if he had come
out of the depths of the sea, stood alone under the window. Mary recognized him
as one whose livelihood was gained by short voyages along the coast; nor did she
forget, that, previous to her marriage, he had been an unsuccessful wooer of her
"What do you seek here, Stephen?"
"Cheer up, Mary, for I seek to comfort you,"
answered the rejected lover. "You must know I got home not ten minutes ago,
and the first thing my good mother told me was the news about your husband. So,
without saying a word to the old woman, I clapped on my hat, and ran out of the
house. I couldn't have slept a wink before speaking to you, Mary, for the sake
of old times."
"Stephen, I thought better of you!"
exclaimed the widow, with gushing tears, and preparing to close the lattice; for
she was no whit inclined to imitate the first wife of Zadig.
"But stop, and hear my story out,"
cried the young sailor. "I tell you we spoke a brig yesterday afternoon,
bound in from Old England. And whom do you think I saw standing on deck, well
and hearty, only a bit thinner than he was five months ago?"
Mary leaned from the window, but could not
"Why, it was your husband himself,"
continued the generous seaman. "He and three others saved themselves on a
spar when the Blessing turned bottom upwards. The brig will beat into the bay by
daylight, with this wind, and you'll see him here tomorrow. There's the comfort
I bring you, Mary, and so good night."
He hurried away, while Mary watched him with a
doubt of waking reality, that seemed stronger or weaker as he alternately
entered the shade of the houses, or emerged into the broad streaks of moonlight.
Gradually, however, a blessed flood of conviction swelled into her heart, in
strength enough to overwhelm her, had its increase been more abrupt. Her first
impulse was to rouse her sister-in-law, and communicate the new-born-gladness.
She opened the chamber-door, which had been closed in the course of the night,
though not latched, advanced to the bedside, and was about to lay her hand upon
the slumberer's shoulder. But then she remembered that Margaret would awake to
thoughts of death and woe, rendered not the less bitter by their contrast with
her own felicity. She suffered the rays of the lamp to fall upon the unconscious
form of the bereaved one. Margaret lay in unquiet sleep, and the drapery was
displaced around her; her young cheek was rosy-tinted, and her lips half opened
in a vivid smile; an expression of joy, debarred its passage by her sealed
eyelids, struggled forth like incense from the whole countenance.
"My poor sister! you will waken too soon
from that happy dream," thought Mary.
Before retiring, she set down the lamp and
endeavoured to arrange the bed-clothes, so that the chill air might not do harm
to the feverish slumberer. But her hand trembled against Margaret's neck, a tear
also fell upon her cheek, and she suddenly awoke.